inhabitants: 3 mio
The Greek capital Athens is one of the world's oldest cities. Legend says that the city received its name in a competition when the goddess Athena invented the olive tree and won over god Poseidon’s salt water well.
Probably the most famous of Athens’ sights is the Acropolis with the remains of a lot of ancient buildings like the Propylaia, a large gateway, several temples like the Parthenon (built 440 BC) and the Erechtheion (a temple dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon, with its caryatids, sculpted female figures serving as columns) and open air stone amphitheatres such as the Odeon of Herodes Atticus (built in 161 AD).
But Athens is also a large cosmopolitan metropolis with the largest passenger port in Europe. It was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later it welcomed back home the 2004 Summer Olympics.
For a completely different impression you can visit the central market on Athinas Street, look at all the meat, fish and vegetables and maybe get some Kalamata olives and cheese, Dolma (filled wine leaves) or Spanakopita (pastry filled with spinach and feta cheese).
For a museum you could check out the National Archeological Museum with a lot of sculptures and statues like the Jockey of Artemision and the golden mask of the ancient Greek king Agamemnon.
You could also climb up Mount Lycabettus and enjoy the view or take a trip to Sounio to see the Temple Of Poseidon (and visit the beach). But whatever you do, make sure you try some Greek specialties like the famous Greek salad, Tzatziki and Moussaka!